As a conscientious gardener in the PNW, I'm aware of potential problems growing particular edibles in our climate. Peaches are one of my favorite fruits, having eaten them as a kid fresh from our tree in Georgia. Peaches in the Northwest are a little more challenging to grow. At the onset of our growing season we begin to see the bane of our temperate and moist climate in the fungal diseases that affect this beloved fruit. Here's what I've discovered about one such disease- Peach leaf Curl:
Peach leaf curl is a fungal disease affecting primarily the leaves and shoots. Fruit is occasionally attacked. Young leaves develop yellow to reddish discoloration and become thickened, crisp, and crinkled. Affected leaves are curled and deformed. A white powdery coating of the fungus later develops on infected leaves. Infected leaves either turn yellow and drop or remain on the tree, turning dark brown as the season progresses. Infected green shoots become thickened and distorted. Fruits may show swollen, reddish areas on the surface. These areas lack the normal peach fuzz. The fungus overwinters on twigs and buds. This disease is a major problem of peaches in western Washington. Severe leaf drop affects fruit production, reduces vigor of trees, and increases susceptibility to winter injury.
•Plant disease-tolerant or resistant varieties. 'Krummel', 'Muir', and 'Redhaven' are reported to be tolerant. 'Rosy Dawn' is somewhat resistant. 'Frost' is disease-resistant and is recommended for planting in western Washington. However, it has no juvenile resistance and must be protected during the first 2 to 3 years.
•Remove infected leaves when they first appear prior to sporulation of the fungus. Destroy infected material.
Detail of Peach leaf curl.
Apply a fungicide during the first week of January. Make 2 to 3 additional applications at 3- to 4-week intervals. If weather is cool and wet, apply fungicides at 3-week intervals. If the weather is warm and dry, apply fungicides at 4-week intervals. Homeowners should not make foliar applications to trees over 10 ft tall. Consult a commercial pesticide applicator for treatment of trees and shrubs over 10 ft. tall.
Listed below are examples of pesticide that are legal in Washington. Always read and follow all label directions.
• Bi-Carb Old-Fashioned Fungicide - OMRI - [Organic]
• Bonide Fung-onil Multi-Purpose Fungicide Conc
• Monterey Liqui-Cop Copper Fungicidal Garden Spray
• This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Posted on 04/22/2015 at 03:53:00 PM